Earth - Miracle Planet
And God has made the earth a wide expanse for you,
Al-Quran: Surah Nuh (Noah) 71:19
Birth of Earth
Who named the Planet Earth
The answer of this question is, we don't know. The "Earth" name is derived from both German & English words, 'erde' and 'eor(th)e/ertha', respectively, means ground. One interesting fact about its name: Earth is the only planet that its name wasn't named after a Greek or goddess or Roman god:
The Earth really is a planet of extremes, from steamy rain forests to ice-cold tundra, from snow-covered peaks to ocean trenches.
What protects the Earth from space?
The Earth's specially designed (by our Lord) magnetic field serves to deflect most of the solar winds, in absence of such specially designed magnetic field, charged particles would strip away the ozone layer that is protecting the Earth and its inhabitants from harmful ultraviolet radiations, life to thrive.
Earth has two such belts and sometimes others may be temporarily created. The discovery of the belts is credited to James Van Allen, therefore as a result of his work, Earth's magnetic belts given name after Van Allen belts. A Van Allen radiation belt is a zone of energetic charged particles, most of such energetic charged particles originate from the solar wind, which is captured by and held around a planet by that planet's magnetic field, which is two types, whereas sometimes others shields may be temporarily created by or Lord, true God, Elohim, Jehovah, singular Eloah, Allah (SWT). The Lord of Abraham(PBUH),… Moses(PBUH), …Mary(PBUH), Jesus(PBUH), Mohammed(PBUH).
Earth's two main belts/shields as stated above extend from an altitude approx.. 640 to 58,000 km (400 to 36,040 mi) above the surface of the earth in which region radiation intensity levels vary. Most of the particles that form the protection belts are thought to come from solar wind and other particles by cosmic rays. By trapping the solar winds, the magnetic fields deflect those energetic particles and protect the atmosphere of earth from destruction with the will of our Lord to protect the millions of forms of species on planet earth.
What is surrounding the Earth?
Our true God: Elohim, Jehovah, singular Eloah, Allah (SWT); has provided more protection for mankind to live their lives to complete the test period as ordained by Lord of all the Prophets and Messengers. Earth's atmosphere (a mixture of gases is commonly known as air) is made of a layer of gases surrounding our planet Earth and retained by the gravity of planet Earth's. Earth's atmosphere contains roughly 78% of nitrogen, 21% of oxygen, 0.97% argon, carbon dioxide 0.04% and trace amounts of other gases, and water vapour.
Verily, in the creation of the heavens and of the earth, and the succession of night and day: and in the ships that speed through the sea with what is useful to man: and in the waters which God sends down from the sky, giving life thereby to the earth after it had, been lifeless, and causing all manner of living creatures to multiply thereon: and in the change of the winds, and the clouds that run their appointed courses between sky and earth: [in all this] there are messages indeed for people who use their reason.
Al Quran: Al-Baqara (The Cow) 2:164
It is God (Allah) who has made the earth a resting- place for you and the sky a canopy, and has formed you - and formed you so well and provided for you sustenance out of the good things of life. Such is God, your Sustainer: hallowed, then, is God, the Sustainer of all the worlds!
Al Quran: Ghafir (The Forgiver) 40:64
His Prophets & Messengers are the only persons our Lord sent the guidance for mankind.